Bearing

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Term Definition
Bearing

Support area upon which something rests, such as the point on bearing walls where the weight of the floor joist or roof rafter bears.

In the case of foundations, bearing capacity may be increased by deepening or increasing the bearing area of a footing, covering soil with sand, gravel or crushed rock, reducing void volume with cinders or ash, subsurface drainage, piles or compaction by using sheepsfoot rollers.